Contents

Acer rubrum var. drummondii 1

(Drummond Red Maple, Drummond's Maple, Swamp Maple) 1

Amorpha fruticosa. 2

(False Indigo Bush) 2

Carya cordiformis. 3

(Bitternut Hickory) 3

Carya illinoinensis. 4

(Pecan) 4

Celtis laevigata. 5

(Sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry, Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco) 5

Cephalanthus occidentalis. 6

(Button Bush) 6

Cercis canadensis. 7

(Eastern Redbud) 7

Chionanthus virginicus. 8

(White Fringetree) 8

Citrus unshiu. 9

(Satsuma) 9

Crataegus marshallii 10

(Parsley Hawthorn) 10

Diospyros virginiana. 11

(Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Jove's Fruit, Winter Plum) 11

Duranta erecta. 12

(Sweet Memories, Golden Dewdrops) 12

Erythrina herbacea. 13

(Coralbean, Redcardinal) 13

Eysenhardtia texana. 14

(Texas Kidneywood, Rock Bush) 14

Feijoa sellowiana. 15

(Pineapple Guava) 15

Ficus carica. 16

(Common Fig) 16

Fraxinus texensis. 17

(Texas Ash, Mountain Ash) 17

 

Gleditsia triacanthos. 18

(Honeylocust) 18

Hamelia patens. 19

(Firebush, Hummingbird Bush, Scarletbush) 19

Hydrangea quercifolia. 20

(Oakleaf Hydrangea) 20

Ilex decidua. 21

(Possumhaw) 21

Ilex vomitoria. 22

(Yaupon Holly, Yaupon, Cassina) 22

Itea virginica. 23

(Virginia Sweetspire) 23

Juglans microcarpa. 24

(Little Walnut) 24

Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola. 25

(Southern Redcedar) 25

Lagerstroemia indica. 26

(Crepe Myrtle) 26

Ligustrum sinense. 27

(Chinese Privet) 27

Liquidambar styraciflua. 28

(Sweetgum, Red Gum) 28

Lonicera fragrantissima. 29

(Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring) 29

Maclura pomifera. 30

(Osage Orange) 30

Malpighia emarginata. 31

(Barbatos Cherry, Acerola, West Indian Cherry) 31

Malpighia glabra. 32

(Dwarf Barbados Cherry, Acerola, Manzanita, Wild Crapemyrtle) 32

Melia azedarach. 33

(Chinaberrytree) 33

Michelia figo. 34

(Banana Shrub, Port Wine Magnolia) 34

Morella cerifera. 35

(Wax Myrtle) 35

Morus rubra. 36

(Red Mulberry) 36

Ostrya virginiana. 37

(Eastern Hophornbeam) 37

Philadelphus pubescens. 38

(Mock-orange, Hoary Mock Orange) 38

Pinus taeda. 39

(Loblolly Pine) 39

Pistacia chinensis. 40

(Chinese Pistache Tree) 40

Pistacia mexicana. 41

(Mexican Pistachio, Texas Pistachio, American Pistachio) 41

Platanus occidentalis. 42

(American Sycamore) 42

Poncirus trifoliate. 43

(Trifoliate Orange, Chinese Bitter Orange) 43

Prunus mexicana. 44

(Mexican Plum) 44

Punica granatum.. 45

(Pomegranate) 45

Pyrus. 46

(Pear) 46

Quercus fusiformis. 47

(Texas Live Oak) 47

Quercus nigra. 48

(Water Oak) 48

Quercus pagoda. 49

(Cherrybark Oak, Swamp Red Oak) 49

Quercus phellos. 50

(Willow Oak) 50

Quercus stellata. 51

(Post Oak) 51

Sabal mexicana. 52

(Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma de Micharos, Texas Palm) 52

Sabal minor 53

(Dwarf Palmetto, Palmetto, Bush Palmetto) 53

Salix nigra. 54

(Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Gooding Willow, Western Black Willow, Southwestern Black Willow, Sauz, Lindheimer Black Willow) 54

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis. 55

(American Black Elderberry) 55

Senna splendida. 56

(Golden Wonder Senna) 56

Sesbania drummondii 57

(Rattlebush, Poisonbean) 57

Sesbania vesicaria. 58

(Bagpod) 58

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. albicans. 59

(Chittamwood, Gum Bumelia, Woolybucket Bumelia, Gum Elastic, Wooly Buckthorn, Gum Woolybucket, Wooly Bumelia, False Buckthorn, Shittamwood, Ironwood, Coma) 59

Solanum pseudocapsicum.. 60

(Jerusalem Cherry, Madeira Winter Cherry, Winter Cherry) 60

Sophora secundiflora. 61

(Texas Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean) 61

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus. 62

(Coralberry) 62

Taxodium ascendens. 63

(Pond Cypress) 63

Taxodium distichum.. 64

(Baldcypress, Bald Cypress, Swamp Cypress) 64

Tecoma capensis. 65

(Cape Honeysuckle) 65

Tecoma stans. 66

(Esperanza, Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder) 66

Tilia americana var. caroliniana. 67

(Carolina Basswood) 67

Triadica sebifera. 68

(Chinese Tallow) 68

Ulmus alata. 69

(Winged Elm) 69

Ulmus americana. 70

(American Elm) 70

Ulmus crassifolia. 71

(Cedar Elm) 71

Ungnadia speciosa. 72

(Mexican Buckeye) 72

 


Acer rubrum var. drummondii

(Drummond Red Maple, Drummond's Maple, Swamp Maple)

Aceraceae (Maple Family)

USDA Symbol: ACRUD

Synonyms:

Acer drummondii

Acer rubrum ssp. drummondii

Rufacer drummondii

Texas Native

 


 

Amorpha fruticosa

(False Indigo Bush)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: AMFR

Synonyms:

Amorpha angustifolia

Amorpha bushii

Amorpha croceolanata

Amorpha curtissii

Amorpha dewinkeleri

Amorpha fruticosa var. angustifolia

Amorpha fruticosa var. croceolanata

Amorpha fruticosa var. emarginata

Amorpha fruticosa var. oblongifolia

Amorpha fruticosa var. occidentalis

Amorpha fruticosa var. tennesseensis

Amorpha occidentalis

Amorpha occidentalis var. arizonica

Amorpha occidentalis var. emarginata

Amorpha tennesseensis

Amorpha virgata

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Carya cordiformis

(Bitternut Hickory)

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)

USDA Symbol: CACO15

Synonyms:

Carya cordiformis var. latifolia

Hicoria cordiformis

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Carya illinoinensis

(Pecan)

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)

USDA Symbol: CAIL2

Synonyms:

Carya oliviformis

Carya pecan

Hicoria pecan

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Celtis laevigata

(Sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry, Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco)

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

USDA Symbol: CELA

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Cephalanthus occidentalis

(Button Bush)

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

USDA Symbol: CEOC2

Synonyms:

Cephalanthus occidentalis var. californicus

Cephalanthus occidentalis var. pubescens

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Cercis canadensis

(Eastern Redbud)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: CECA4

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Chionanthus virginicus

(White Fringetree)

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

USDA Symbol: CHVI3

Synonyms:

Chionanthus virginicus var. maritimus

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Citrus unshiu

(Satsuma)

Rutaceae (Rue Family)

Cultivated

A seedless and easy-peeling citrus mutant of Japanese origin introduced to the West.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Crataegus marshallii

(Parsley Hawthorn)

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

USDA Symbol: CRMA5

Texas Native

 

 

Diospyros virginiana

(Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Jove's Fruit, Winter Plum)

Ebenaceae (Ebony Family)

USDA Symbol: DIVI5

Synonyms:

Diospyros mosieri

Diospyros virginiana var. mosieri

Diospyros virginiana var. platycarpa

Diospyros virginiana var. pubescens

Diospyros virginiana var. virginiana

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Duranta erecta

(Sweet Memories, Golden Dewdrops)

Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)

USDA Symbol: DUER

Synonyms:

Duranta erecta var. alba

Duranta repens

Duranta repens var. alba

Duranta repens var. microphylla

Bloom Period:

Texas Distribution

Native to Mexico to South America and the Caribbean

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Erythrina herbacea

(Coralbean, Redcardinal)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: ERHE4

Synonyms:

Erythrina arborea

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Eysenhardtia texana

(Texas Kidneywood, Rock Bush)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: EYTE

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Feijoa sellowiana

(Pineapple Guava)

Myrtaceae (Myrtle Family)

USDA Symbol: FESE2

Cultivated

Native to the highlands of southern Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay, and northern Argentina


 

Ficus carica

(Common Fig)

Moraceae (Mulberry Family)

USDA Symbol: FICA

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Fraxinus texensis

(Texas Ash, Mountain Ash)

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

USDA Symbol: FRTE

Synonyms:

Fraxinus americana ssp. texensis

Fraxinus americana var. texensis

Texas Native

 

 

 


 

Gleditsia triacanthos

(Honeylocust)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: GLTR

Synonyms:

Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis

Texas Distribution

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Hamelia patens

(Firebush, Hummingbird Bush, Scarletbush)

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

USDA Symbol: HAPA3

Cultivated

Native to the American subtropics and tropics

 

 

 

 


 

Hydrangea quercifolia

(Oakleaf Hydrangea)

Hydrangeaceae (Hydrengea Family)

USDA Symbol: HYQU3

Cultivated

 

 

 

 

 

Ilex decidua

(Possumhaw)

Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family)

USDA Symbol: ILDE

Synonyms:

Ilex curtissii

Ilex decidua var. curtissii

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Ilex vomitoria

(Yaupon Holly, Yaupon, Cassina)

Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family)

USDA Symbol: ILVO

Texas Native

 

 

 


 

Itea virginica

(Virginia Sweetspire)

Grossulariaceae (Gooseberry Family)

USDA Symbol: ITVI

Texas Native

 

 

Juglans microcarpa

(Little Walnut)

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)

USDA Symbol: JUMI

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola

(Southern Redcedar)

Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)

USDA Symbol: JUVIS

Synonyms:

Juniperus barbadensis

Juniperus lucayana

Juniperus silicicola

Juniperus virginiana ssp. silicicola

Sabina silicicola

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Lagerstroemia indica

(Crepe Myrtle)

Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family)

USDA Symbol: LAIN

Cultivated, Texas distribution

From China, Korea and Japan. Flowers are white, pink, mauve, purple or carmine with crimped petals.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Ligustrum sinense

(Chinese Privet)

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

USDA Symbol: LISI

Synonyms:

Ligustrum microcarpum

Ligustrum villosum

Texas Distribution

Native to China, Taiwan and Vietnam

Invasive species

 

 

 

 


 

Liquidambar styraciflua

(Sweetgum, Red Gum)

Hamamelidaceae (Witch Hazel Family)

USDA Symbol: LIST2

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Lonicera fragrantissima

(Winter Honeysuckle, Sweet Breath of Spring)

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

USDA Symbol: LOFR

Synonyms:

Xylosteon fragrantissimum

Cultivated

Invasive species, native to China

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Maclura pomifera

(Osage Orange)

Moraceae (Mulberry Family)

USDA Symbol: MAPO

Synonyms:

Toxylon pomiferum

Ioxylon pomiferum  

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

Malpighia emarginata

(Barbatos Cherry, Acerola, West Indian Cherry)

Malpighiaceae (Barbados-Cherry Family)

USDA Symbol: MAEM

Synonyms:

Malpighia punicifolia

Cultivated

Native of West Indies, Central and South America

 

 

 

 

 


 

Malpighia glabra

(Dwarf Barbados Cherry, Acerola, Manzanita, Wild Crapemyrtle)

Malpighiaceae (Barbados-Cherry Family)

USDA Symbol: MAGL6

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Melia azedarach

(Chinaberrytree)

Meliaceae (Mahogany Family)

USDA Symbol: MEAZ

Synonyms:

Melia azedarach var. umbraculifera

Texas Distribution

Native to Pakistan, India, Indochina Southeast Asia and Australia

Invasive species

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelia figo

(Banana Shrub, Port Wine Magnolia)

Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family)

Cultivated

 

 

 

 

 


 

Morella cerifera

(Wax Myrtle)

Myricaceae (Myrtle Family)

USDA Symbol: MOCE2

Cerothamnus ceriferus

Cerothamnus pumilus

Morella cerifera var. pumila

Myrica cerifera

Myrica cerifera var. pumila

Myrica pusilla

Texas Native

 


 

Morus rubra

(Red Mulberry)

Moraceae (Mulberry Family)

USDA Symbol: MORU2

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Ostrya virginiana

(Eastern Hophornbeam)

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

USDA Symbol: OSVI

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Philadelphus pubescens

(Mock-orange, Hoary Mock Orange)

Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea Family)

USDA Symbol: PHPU4

Texas Native

 

 

 


 

Pinus taeda

(Loblolly Pine)

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

USDA Symbol: PITA

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Pistacia chinensis

(Chinese Pistache Tree)

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)

USDA Symbol: PICH4

Texas Distribution

Native to China, Taiwan, and the Philippine Islands

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Pistacia mexicana

(Mexican Pistachio, Texas Pistachio, American Pistachio)

Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)

USDA Symbol: PIME4

Synonyms:

Pistacia texana

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Platanus occidentalis

(American Sycamore)

Platanaceae (Sycamore Family)

USDA Symbol: PLOC

Synonyms:

Platanus occidentalis var. glabrata

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Poncirus trifoliate

(Trifoliate Orange, Chinese Bitter Orange)

Rutaceae (Rue Family)

Texas Distribution

Invasive species, native to northern China and Korea.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Prunus mexicana

(Mexican Plum)

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

USDA Symbol: PRME

Synonyms:

Prunus mexicana

Prunus americana var. lanata

Prunus lanata

Prunus mexicana var. flutonensis

Prunus mexicana var. polyandra

Prunus pensylvanica var. mollis

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


Punica granatum

(Pomegranate)

Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family)

USDA Symbol: PUGR2

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Pyrus

(Pear)

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Quercus fusiformis

(Texas Live Oak)

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

USDA Symbol: QUFU

Synonyms:

Quercus virginiana var. fusiformis

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Quercus nigra

(Water Oak)

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

USDA Symbol: QUNI

Synonyms:

Quercus microcarya

Quercus nigra var. heterophylla

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Quercus pagoda

(Cherrybark Oak, Swamp Red Oak)

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

USDA Symbol: QUPA5

Synonyms:

Quercus falcata var. leucophylla

Quercus falcata var. pagodifolia

Quercus pagodifolia

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Quercus phellos

(Willow Oak)

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

USDA Symbol: QUPH

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Quercus stellata

(Post Oak)

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

USDA Symbol: QUST

Synonyms:

Quercus stellata var. attenuata

Quercus stellata var. parviloba

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Sabal mexicana

(Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma de Micharos, Texas Palm)

Arecaceae (Palm Family)

USDA Symbol: SAME8

Synonyms:

Inodes exul

Inodes texana

Sabal exul

Sabal texana

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Sabal minor

(Dwarf Palmetto, Palmetto, Bush Palmetto)

Arecaceae (Palm Family)

USDA Symbol: SAMI8

Synonyms:

Corypha minor

Sabal adansonii

Sabal deeringiana

Sabal glabra

Sabal louisiana

Texas Native

 

 

 


 

Salix nigra

(Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Gooding Willow, Western Black Willow, Southwestern Black Willow, Sauz, Lindheimer Black Willow)

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

USDA Symbol: SANI

Synonyms:

Salix ambigua

Salix denudata

Salix dubia

Salix falcata

Salix flavovirens

Salix ligustrina

Salix ludoviciana

Salix nigra var. altissima

Salix nigra var. brevijulis

Salix nigra var. falcata

Salix nigra var. lindheimeri

Salix nigra var. longifolia

Salix nigra var. marginata

Salix purshiana

Texas Native

 


 

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

(American Black Elderberry)

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

USDA Symbol: SANIC4

Synonyms:

Sambucus caerulea var. mexicana

Sambucus canadensis

Sambucus canadensis var. laciniata

Sambucus canadensis var. submollis

Sambucus cerulea var. mexicana

Sambucus mexicana

Sambucus orbiculata

Sambucus simpsonii 

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Senna splendida

(Golden Wonder Senna)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: SESP10

Synonyms:

Cassia splendida

Cultivated

Native to Brazil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Sesbania drummondii

(Rattlebush, Poisonbean)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: SEDR

Synonyms:

Daubentonia drummondii

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


Sesbania vesicaria

(Bagpod)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: SEVE

Synonyms:

Sesbania platycarpa

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. albicans

(Chittamwood, Gum Bumelia, Woolybucket Bumelia, Gum Elastic, Wooly Buckthorn, Gum Woolybucket, Wooly Bumelia, False Buckthorn, Shittamwood, Ironwood, Coma)

Sapotaceae (Zabote Family)

USDA Symbol: SILAA4

Synonyms:

Bumelia lanuginosa var. albicans

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Solanum pseudocapsicum

(Jerusalem Cherry, Madeira Winter Cherry, Winter Cherry)

Solanaceae (Potato Family)

USDA Symbol: SOPS

Synonyms:

Solanum capsicastrum

Texas Distribution

Native to Peru and Ecuador

 

 

 

 

 


 

Sophora secundiflora

(Texas Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean)

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

USDA Symbol: SOSE3

Bloom Period: February-

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

(Coralberry)

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

USDA Symbol: SYOR

Synonyms:

Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos

Texas Native


 

Taxodium ascendens

(Pond Cypress)

Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)

USDA Symbol: TAAS

Synonyms:

Taxodium ascendens

Taxodium distichum var. imbricarium

Taxodium distichum var. nutans

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Taxodium distichum

(Baldcypress, Bald Cypress, Swamp Cypress)

Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)

USDA Symbol: TADI2

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Tecoma capensis

(Cape Honeysuckle)

Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-Creeper Family)

USDA Symbol: TECA8

Synonyms:

Bignonia capensis

Tecomaria capensis

Native of Africa (South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique)

Cultivated

 

 

 

 

 


 

Tecoma stans

(Esperanza, Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder)

Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-Creeper Family)

USDA Symbol: TEST

Synonyms:

Bignonia stans

Stenolobium stans

Tecoma stans var. angustatum

Texas Native

 

 

 


 

Tilia americana var. caroliniana

(Carolina Basswood)

Tiliaceae (Linden Family)

USDA Symbol: TIAMC

Synonyms:

Tilia australis

Tilia caroliniana

Tilia caroliniana var. rhoophila

Tilia floridana

Tilia floridana var. hypoleuca

Tilia floridana var. oblongifolia

Tilia georgiana

Tilia leptophylla

Tilia leucocarpa

Tilia leucocarpa var. brevipedunculata

Tilia littoralis

Tilia porracea

Tilia pubescens

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 


 

Triadica sebifera

(Chinese Tallow)

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)

USDA Symbol: TRSE6

Synonyms:

Croton sebiferum

Sapium sebiferum

Native to Asia

Invasive species introduced to Texas for fall color.

 

 

 

 


 

 

Ulmus alata

(Winged Elm)

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

USDA Symbol: ULAL

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Ulmus americana

(American Elm)

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

USDA Symbol: ULAM

Synonyms:

Ulmus americana var. floridana

Ulmus floridana

Texas Native

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Ulmus crassifolia

(Cedar Elm)

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

USDA Symbol: ULCR

Texas Native

 

 

 

 


 

Ungnadia speciosa

(Mexican Buckeye)

Sapindaceae (Soapberry Family)

USDA Symbol: UNSP

Texas Native